The 25th Amendment will not prove to be an effective means to stop the Nation’s Trump problem. Barring impeachment or resignation, Trump is going to serve 4 years. It will be up to the voters to make a change. The 25th Amendment is not the solution. Here is why:
Section 4 of the amendment provides that if the vice president and a majority of the Cabinet decide that the president is “unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office,” they can notify Congress that the vice president is taking over. If the president objects, Congress can vote on the question. A two-thirds majority in each house is required to remove the president from office.
There are two reasons that mechanism isn’t likely to be used against Trump.
The substantive reason is that the amendment was drafted with medical incapacity in mind, not general unfitness for office.
"If you read the debates … unpopularity is not included, poor judgment, incompetence, laziness, or impeachable conduct — none of that,” John D. Feerick, a professor at Fordham Law School who helped draft the amendment, said recently.
It would be up to the vice president, the Cabinet and Congress to decide whether the president was “unable” to do his job, but unless the evidence of his incapacity was overwhelming, they’d be touching off a constitutional crisis — and risking their political futures as well.
The procedural obstacles are even more immediate. The amendment is deliberately difficult to use. The first step is for the vice president and the Cabinet to decide the president needs to go — but they all got their jobs when Trump appointed them, remember?
And winning a two-thirds majority in each house of Congress is a virtually insuperable obstacle — at least as long as at least one house has a Republican majority.
“Any action to remove a president is politically traumatic,” congressional scholar Norman J. Ornstein said. “Any action they take will create a deep, deep division in their party. They’re going to avoid it as long as they can.”
There’s one alternative route in the amendment: Instead of the Cabinet, Congress can establish a disability review commission to determine whether the president is unfit. But even if such a board pronounced Trump unfit, they would still need the vice president to agree, as well as a two-thirds majority in each House.
Impeachment, by contrast, doesn’t require the vice president’s assent, and needs only a majority in the House, not two-thirds. That’s not going to happen in a House with a Republican majority, but if Democrats win control of the chamber in 2018, it would suddenly become feasible. The Washington Post